HomeExamsUPSC ExamUPSC Syllabus 2022 - Get PDF Of Complete Syllabus

UPSC Syllabus 2022 – Get PDF Of Complete Syllabus


As we know before starting something we have to know complete details and understand the pattern of that work, Same applies to the UPSC exam preparation, If you going to start preparing for the UPSC exam you must understand the pattern and syllabus of the UPSC exam. In this article, we have shared complete details about the UPSC syllabus. By reading this article you will understand that which subjects do indeed to read in the UPSC syllabus. Get complete details of UPSC syllabus and PDF of UPSC Syllabus from blew given list.

The Civil Services Exam (CSE) is a nationwide exam conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) in India for recruitment of various designated posts viz IAS (Indian Administrative Service), IPS (Indian Police Service), IFS (Indian Foreign Service), IRS (Indian Revenue Service) and allied services.

Stages of the UPSC Examination

UPSC 2022 Exam Pattern
  • UPSC Stage I: Civil Services Preliminary Examination or UPSC Prelims is an objective type exam for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination.
  • UPSC Stage II: Civil Services Main Examination or UPSC Main Examination has a written exam in stage second it includes 9 Theory Papers (GS I-IV, Language Papers, Essay & Optional)
  • UPSC Stage III: This is the last stage of the UPSC examination in this stage who passed the Pre and Mains exam of UPSC need to go under an interview.

UPSC Examination Plan 2022

Release of Notification2nd Feb 2022
Prelims Exam5th June 2022
Mains Exam16th September 2022
Interview ProcessYet to be announced
Final ResultApril/May of the following year

Civil Services Examination Plan 2022

Must Read – Top Educator For UPSC On Unacademy

UPSC Preliminary Exam Pattern

UPSC Preliminary Exam Syllabus

General Studies Paper-I

Total Questions100
Total Marks200
Time2 Hr.
Negative MarkingYes (One Third)
Type of Question PaperObjective Type
UPSC Preliminary Exam Pattern

General Studies Paper-II (CSAT)

Total Questions80
Total Marks200
Time2 Hr.
Negative MarkingYes (One Third)
Type of Question PaperObjective Type
UPSC Preliminary Exam Pattern

UPSC Preliminary Exam Syllabus

 UPSC Preliminary Exam Syllabus

UPSC Preliminary Exam consists of two papers GS I and GS II both papers have negative marking and the pattern of the exam is objective type, Blew are a detailed list of UPSC Pre Examination paper syllabus.

UPSC Syllabus for GS Paper (Prelims Paper I)

UPSC Syllabus for GS Paper (Prelims Paper I)
  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy,
  • Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion,
  • Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not
  • require subject specialisation

UPSC Syllabus for GS Paper (Prelims Paper II )

UPSC Syllabus for GS Paper (Prelims Paper II )
  • Comprehension Interpersonal skills including communication skills; Logical reasoning and analytical ability Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)

Note 1: Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%

Note 2: The questions will be of multiple-choice, objective type. Note 3: It is mandatory for the

candidate to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination for the purpose of evaluation.


UPSC Mains Exam Pattern

IAS Mains Exam Pattern
Paper-IEssay – Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics.250
Paper-IIGeneral Studies – I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)
Paper-IIIGeneral Studies – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations)
Paper-IVGeneral Studies – III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management)
Paper-VGeneral Studies – IV (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)
Paper-VIOptional Subject – Paper I
Paper-VIIOptional Subject – Paper II

Must-Know Facts about UPSC Mains

  • The Mains examination constitutes the 2nd phase of the Civil Services Examination. Only after successfully qualifying in the prelims exam would the candidates be allowed to write the IAS Mains.
  • The Mains exam tests the candidate’s academic talent in depth and his/her ability to present his/her understanding according to the requirements of the question in a time-bound manner.
  • The UPSC Mains exam consists of 9 papers, out of which two are qualifying papers of 300 marks each.
  • The two qualifying papers are:
    • Any Indian Language Paper
    • English Language Paper
  • The papers on Essay, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates who attain 25% marks in both the language papers as a minimum qualifying standard in these qualifying papers, will be taken cognizance of, for evaluation.
  • In case a candidate does not qualify in these language papers, then the marks obtained by such candidates will not be considered or counted.


IAS Mains Exam Syllabus

UPSC Mains Exam Syllabus

The second stage of the UPSC is the mains exam once someone passed the mains exam will go to the last phase of the UPSC selection process, Here we are going to discuss the syllabus of UPSC IAS mains syllabus.

IAS Syllabus for UPSC Mains GS-I

IAS Syllabus for UPSC Mains GS-I
  • General Studies-I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.
  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from the 18th century such as the industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India) Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

IAS Syllabus for Mains GS-II

IAS Syllabus for Mains GS-II

(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations)

  • Indian Constitution—Historical Underpinnings, Evolution, Features, Amendments, Significant Provisions and Basic Structure.
  • Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States, Issues and Challenges Pertaining to the Federal Structure, Devolution of Powers and Finances up to Local Levels and Challenges Therein.
  • Separation of Powers between various organs Dispute Redressal Mechanisms and Institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian Constitutional Scheme with that of Other Countries.
  • Parliament and State Legislatures—Structure, Functioning, Conduct of Business, Powers & Privileges and Issues Arising out of these.
  • Structure, Organization and Functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; Pressure Groups and Formal/Informal Associations and their Role in the Polity.
  • Salient Features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional Posts, Powers, Functions and Responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, Regulatory and various Quasi-judicial Bodies.
  • Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation.
    Development Processes and the Development Industry — the Role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of the population by the Centre and States and the Performance of these Schemes; Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections.
  • Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to Poverty and Hunger.
  • Important Aspects of Governance, Transparency and Accountability, E-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; Citizens Charters, Transparency & Accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of Civil Services in a Democracy.
  • India and its Neighborhood- Relations.
  • Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of Policies and Politics of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora.
  • Important International Institutions, agencies and fora – their Structure, Mandate.

IAS Syllabus for Mains GS-III

IAS Syllabus for Mains GS-III
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. 
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention. 
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate. 

IAS Syllabus for Mains GS-IV

IAS Syllabus for Mains GS-IV

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered:

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, Determinants and Consequences of Ethics in – Human Actions; Dimensions of Ethics; Ethics – in Private and Public Relationships. Human Values – Lessons from the Lives and Teachings of Great Leaders, Reformers and Administrators; Role of Family Society and Educational Institutions in Inculcating Values.
  • Attitude: Content, Structure, Function; its Influence and Relation with Thought and Behaviour; Moral and Political Attitudes; Social Influence and Persuasion.
  • Aptitude and Foundational Values for Civil Service, Integrity, Impartiality and Non-partisanship, Objectivity, Dedication to Public Service, Empathy, Tolerance and Compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional Intelligence-Concepts, and their Utilities and Application in Administration and Governance.
  • Contributions of Moral Thinkers and Philosophers from India and World.
  • Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration: Status and Problems; Ethical Concerns and Dilemmas in Government and Private Institutions; Laws, Rules, Regulations and Conscience as Sources of Ethical Guidance; Accountability and Ethical Governance; Strengthening of Ethical and Moral Values in Governance; Ethical Issues in International Relations and Funding; Corporate Governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of Public Service; Philosophical Basis of Governance and Probity; Information Sharing and Transparency in Government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work Culture, Quality of Service Delivery, Utilization of Public Funds, Challenges of Corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

IAS Syllabus for Language and Essay Papers

IAS Syllabus for Language and Essay Papers

This is the First Paper

Aspirants should write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

Optional Paper

Optional Paper

IAS Syllabus for Mains Optional Paper-I

Optional Subject -Paper I (250 Marks) )- Read Complete Here

IAS Syllabus for Mains Optional Paper-II

Optional Subject – Paper-II (250 marks) – Read Complete Here



Read Details Here


By the above given detailed syllabus, you can easily understand the syllabus of UPSC. We have written detailed information on the UPSC pre exam and the main exam syllabus. Please leave a comment if you want anything else related to the UPSC syllabus.

Riya Pandey
Riya Pandey
The Co-Founder of LawEpic, Riya Pandey likes to share authentic and useful information for Law Students, Lawyers, Aspirants. She is a Law Graduate from the University Of Lucknow.
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